Monday, 4th December, 2023
Monday, 4th December, 2023
Home » Essay »

Features of a narrative text

Using lined anchor chart paper write a narrative story of your choosing out with your students as active participants. You can also purposefully make mistakes in continuity or add unnecessary details to show your students what not to do in their own writing. The rising action is the moments in your story that lead up to the climax — choices your main characters have made and the events happening that are at odds with your characters’ goals. This is where your story builds and your reader begins to invest in your characters.

Indigenous American cultures use storytelling to teach children the values and lessons of life. Although storytelling provides entertainment, its primary purpose is to educate. In the Mexican culture, many adult figures tell their children stories in order to teach children values such as individuality, obedience, honesty, trust, and compassion. For example, one of the versions of La Llorona is used to teach children to make safe decisions at night and to maintain the morals of the community. A narrative can take on the shape of a story, which gives listeners an entertaining and collaborative avenue for acquiring knowledge. Many cultures use storytelling as a way to record histories, myths, and values.

Resources created by teachers for teachers

In the beginning of a traditional narrative it is common for the writer to introduce the reader to the setting, characters, situation and the main character’s features of a narrative goal. In the middle of a narrative piece the story will develop through a series of events and find itself in the middle of a crisis that must be resolved.

features of a narrative

Like in real life, conflict in a story is an opportunity for a character’s growth and transformation. It’s a chance for them to learn and evolve, making a story great. So next time stories are written in the classroom, remember that conflict is an essential ingredient, and without it, your story will lack the energy, excitement, and meaning that makes it truly memorable. A narrative is a story that shares a sequence of events, characters, and themes. It expresses experiences, ideas, and perspectives that should aspire to engage and inspire an audience. The choice of a narrator is another way that writers set the tone of a piece.


The resolution in a short story may only be a brief paragraph or two. But, in most cases, it will still be necessary to include an ending immediately after the climax can feel too abrupt and leave the reader feeling unfulfilled.

features of a narrative

An example found in Norse mythology could be seen through the god Freyr—a god who was closely connected to acts of debauchery and overindulging. Another theory regarding the purpose and function of mythological narratives derives from 20th Century philologist Georges Dumézil and his formative theory of the “trifunctionalism” found in Indo-European mythologies. The three functions were organized by cultural significance, with the first function being the most grand and sacred. For Dumèzil, these functions were so vital, they manifested themselves in every aspect of life and were at the center of everyday life. While folktales still hold a considerable cultural value, they are simply not regarded as true within a civilization. Your writing style is the culmination of all the features that make your storytelling so unique — that’s everything from your pacing and tone to the specific words or phrases you use. While reflection and deliberation can help you refine your style, there really aren’t any particular criteria to determine what “good” prose means.

Writing Genre Task Cards: Argumentative, Information, and Narrative

Before students write a full draft, have them plan out the events in their story with a pacing diagram, a visual representation of how much “space” each part of the story is going to take up. Use a diagram to show students a typical story arc like the one below. Then, using a simple story—like this Coca Cola commercial—fill out the story arc with the components from that story. Once students have seen this story mapped out, have them try it with another one, like a story you’ve read in class, a whole novel, or another short video.

  • Teaching your students to edit their writing doesn’t have to be tedious.
  • Using a plot map, you can see how each event fits into the larger picture and how the different parts of the story work together to create meaning.
  • When looking at students’ early drafts, adjective stuffing is often apparent.

The most straightforward narrative style is to take a character, give them a purpose, and then watch events unfold as the character struggles for that purpose. Done well, you won’t have to explain your theme; you can simply let the events of the plot point in its direction. what is division and classification Finally, peer editing can be a great tool if you feel your students would be able to handle it. Ask them to read one another’s writing and ask questions if they have any. Often, a friend asking clarifying questions is all they need to improve their writing.

Point Scale & Social Narrative for Using My 5 Point Scale BUNDLE

A narrative is a story that has a beginning, middle and end. It shows actors moving across its stage, revealing their characters through their actions and their speech. At its heart, a narrative contains a mystery or a question—something that compels the reader to keep reading and find out what happens. Newspaper narratives are also entirely true and factual in every detail.

To help you with that I have posted the features of narrative writing from English Online. Often, it’s the storyteller’s personal opinion on the subject matter. Telling a good story, however, isn’t as easy at it seems.

Storytelling 101: The 6 Elements of Every Complete Narrative

She talks about her everyday life and how that affects her. The reader gets first-hand insight into her hopes for the future and eventually her sorrow at what life has become for her and her family. Narratives or storytelling has been around forever and is one of the oldest methods by which people learned to communicate. From cave dwellers, who used pigment to paint on walls to tell stories, to the Egyptians, who carved their stories into walls using hieroglyphics, there have always been stories to tell. The first actual written narratives were in 700 BC and were the “Epic of Gilgamesh” and “The Iliad” by Homer. One of the most famous accounts of oral storytelling that became written stories were the tales written by the Greek slave Aesop.

Because stories were recorded orally or in writing throughout history, they had the ability to be shared with others through time and space. Through these stories, people were able to learn about cultures, traditions, and historical practices as well as time periods and the people who lived in that time period. Without oral and written narratives, parts of history would have disappeared, and there would be limited knowledge about people’s ancestors. I feel like you jumped in my head and connected my thoughts. I appreciate the time you took to stop and look closely at form. I really believe that student-writers should see all dimensions of narrative writing and be able to live in whichever style and voice they want for their work. Have students complete a basic story arc for their chosen topic using a diagram like the one below.

Unique Characteristics of the Narrative Essay

Additionally, having a focused and clear theme will help you and publishers to market your book to the right audience. Invest time researching your character’s identities, behaviors, circumstances, and motivations. All of this will help you to create a world that readers are invested in whole-heartedly. The thought of crafting a worthy and unpredictable plot is daunting. An understanding of plot and the impact it has on your story is an essential part of crafting a compelling narrative. It is a way of connecting a series of events in order to tell a good story.

  • While every story is different, a successful one captivates its audience and inspires an emotional response.
  • A theme in a narrative is a moral, lesson or message that the author tries to convey.
  • Another theory regarding the purpose and function of mythological narratives derives from 20th Century philologist Georges Dumézil and his formative theory of the “trifunctionalism” found in Indo-European mythologies.

What changed in our two stories above about the Wicked Witch of the West? Point of view describes the lens through which the story is being told. This is likely going to be the longest section of your story. A whole lot happens between the start of the novel and that moment, but often you’ll find yourself holding your breath and waiting to see what will happen. Stories can be acquired throughout various means including interviews, informal observations, conversations, journals, letters, or memory boxes.

Identify the Most Compelling Starting Point

Once revision and peer review are done, students will hand in their final copies. If you don’t want to get stuck with 100-plus papers to grade, consider using Catlin Tucker’s station rotation model, which keeps all the grading in class. And when you do return stories with your own feedback, try using Kristy Louden’s delayed grade strategy, where students don’t see their final grade until they have read your written feedback. A student might tell a true story that happened to someone else, but write it in first person, as if they were that person. For example, I could write about my grandmother’s experience of getting lost as a child, but I might write it in her voice.

features of a narrative

Is the narrator someone who experienced the events as a participant, or one who witnessed the events but wasn’t an active participant? Is that narrator an omniscient undefined person who knows everything about the plot including its ending, or is he confused and uncertain about the events underway? Is the narrator a reliable witness or lying to themselves or the reader? In the novel “Gone Girl,” by Gillian Flynn, the reader is forced to constantly revise her opinion as to the honesty and guilt of the husband Nick and his missing wife. In “Lolita” by Vladimir Nabokov, the narrator is Humbert Humbert, a pedophile who constantly justifies his actions despite the damage that Nabokov illustrates he’s doing.